General Induction Training
TYPES OF HAZARDS continued
Electrical safety – Contact with energised objects at mains voltages is potentially fatal. It can also cause serious burns from the discharge of electrical energy. Health effects include muscle spasms, shock, burns, nausea and vomiting, palpitations, heart fibrillation, unconsciousness. Always assume all electrical appliances are “live” until they are effectively isolated. Isolate, tag and test equipment before commencing work. Do not use defective equipment. Remove it from use, tag it out and report it. Make sure the power is off before removing a plug from a power point. Remove the plug by firmly grasping the plug & not the cable. Switch the power off before changing light bulbs. Do not operate portable electrical equipment while out in the rain or other wet areas.
Infectious diseases – Most workplaces have minimal risk of the transmission of infectious diseases such as HIV, hepatitis or other viruses. Where there is a possibility that workers will be exposed to blood or other bodily fluids, there is a potential for the transmission of viruses. You should ensure that; You don’t do anything which may expose you or another person to an infectious disease. Dispose of infectious material safely ( a syringe collection devise ,sanitary waste). Use good housekeeping and personal hygiene. Use the right cleaning materials. Use appropriate PPE. Cover wounds, cuts and abrasions with dressings.